Swami Vivekananda’s biography


Swami Vivekananda’s inspiring personality was well known both in India and in
America during the last decade of the nineteenth century and the first decade of
the twentieth. The unknown monk of India suddenly leapt into fame at the
Parliament of Religions held in Chicago in 1893, at which he represented
Hinduism. His vast knowledge of Eastern and Western culture as well as his
deep spiritual insight, fervid eloquence, brilliant conversation, broad human
sympathy, colourful personality, and handsome figure made an irresistible
appeal to the many types of Americans who came in contact with him. People
who saw or heard Vivekananda even once still cherish his memory after a lapse
of more than half a century.
In America Vivekananda’s mission was the interpretation of India’s spiritual
culture, especially in its Vedantic setting. He also tried to enrich the religious
consciousness of the Americans through the rational and humanistic teachings
of the Vedanta philosophy. In America he became India’s spiritual ambassador
and pleaded eloquently for better understanding between India and the New
World in order to create a healthy synthesis of East and West, of religion and
In his own motherland Vivekananda is regarded as the patriot saint of modern
India and an inspirer of her dormant national consciousness. To the Hindus he
preached the ideal of a strength-giving and man-making religion. Service to man
as the visible manifestation of the Godhead was the special form of worship he
advocated for the Indians, devoted as they were to the rituals and myths of their
ancient faith. Many political leaders of India have publicly acknowledged their
indebtedness to Swami Vivekananda.
The Swami’s mission was both national and international. A lover of mankind,
he strove to promote peace and human brotherhood on the spiritual foundation
of the Vedantic Oneness of existence. A mystic of the highest order, Vivekananda
had a direct and intuitive experience of Reality. He derived his ideas from that
unfailing source of wisdom and often presented them in the soul-stirring
language of poetry.
The natural tendency of Vivekananda’s mind, like that of his Master,
Ramakrishna, was to soar above the world and forget itself in contemplation of
the Absolute. But another part of his personality bled at the sight of human
suffering in East and West alike. It might appear that his mind seldom found a
point of rest in its oscillation between contemplation of God and service to man.
Be that as it may, he chose, in obedience to a higher call, service to man as his
mission on earth; and this choice has endeared him to people in the West,
Americans in particular.
In the course of a short life of thirty-nine years (1863-1902), of which only ten
were devoted to public activities — and those, too, in the midst of acute physical
suffering — he left for posterity his four classics: Jnana-Yoga, Bhakti-Yoga,
Karma-Yoga, and Raja-Yoga, all of which are outstanding treatises on Hindu
philosophy. In addition, he delivered innumerable lectures, wrote inspired
letters in his own hand to his many friends and disciples, composed numerous
poems, and acted as spiritual guide to the many seekers who came to him for
instruction. He also organized the Ramakrishna Order of monks, which is the
most outstanding religious organization of modern India. It is devoted to the
propagation of the Hindu spiritual culture not only in the Swami’s native land,
but also in America and in other parts of the world.
Swami Vivekananda once spoke of himself as a ‘condensed India.’ His life and
teachings are of inestimable value to the West for an understanding of the mind
of Asia. William James, the Harvard philosopher, called the Swami the ‘paragon
of Vedantists.’ Max Müller and Paul Deussen, the famous Orientalists of the
nineteenth century, held him in genuine respect and affection. ‘His words,’
writes Romain Rolland, ‘are great music, phrases in the style of Beethoven,
stirring rhythms like the march of Handel choruses. I cannot touch these
sayings of his, scattered as they are through the pages of books, at thirty years’
distance, without receiving a thrill through my body like an electric shock. And
what shocks, what transports, must have been produced when in burning words
they issued from the lips of the hero!’


6 thoughts on “Swami Vivekananda’s biography

  1. it is nice. but some people they don’t know about swami vivekananda by this many will know about swami vivekananda it is also knowledgeable.

  2. Nice biography…… I like it…… you must read this biography

  3. Bt what’s about autobiography? ??????..it’s nt autobiography! !!!!!!!!!

  4. which is the autobiography of swamivivekananda????????

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